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Consider This

Series/Special. An interactive current affairs talk show focusing on issues affecting Americans' day-to-day lives. (CC) (Stereo)



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Nelson Mandela 16, Us 4, South Africa 4, Paris 2, Africa 2, China 2, Mandela 2, Capitol City 1, Johannesberg 1, Mourning 1, France 1, United States 1, The City 1, Anc 1, North Korea 1, The East China Sea 1, Mike Hannah 1, Selica 1, Haiyan 1, Jacob Zuma 1,
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  Al Jazeera America    Consider This    Series/Special. An interactive current affairs talk show  
   focusing on issues affecting Americans' day-to-day lives. (CC)...  

    December 6, 2013
    9:00 - 10:01am EST  

[ technical difficulties ] >> the realization of the this. >> his selfless service, his defiance in terms of deals that he believed should be done, his unifying factor. he was such a remarkable man. >> mandela was great. no two ways about it. he was the moses of our time.
>> reporter: tributes filled the newspapers. this will be a day of song, celebration, and reflection for south africans on their personal memories of mandela, their gratitudes towards him and their hopes for the future. nelson mandela inspired millions of people to reconcile and forgive, in the coming days they will honor his memory and legacy as they begin to prepare to say good-bye. >> he wasn't the only person inside or outside south africa, fighting apartheid. what made people rally around him quite so much? >> reporter: he showed such great latership qualities from such an early stage and he was always willing to put his neck
out if you like to go ahead and take risks as a leader. he at the same time would say that a leader is somebody who drives his flock from behind if you would like, driving them forward towards the right decisions. he had the confidence in himself and in his ability as a negotiator, as a man of great principle that he was right, that he was guiding this country on the right path. and as he said, willing to take those risks, most notably in deciding talking without the entire [ inaudible ] structures of the african national congress being aware of. but my colleague looks back now on how nelson mandela came to play such a major role. >> reporter: death does not
diminish the smile and the twinkle in the eyes. outside the hospital where nelson mandela lay, the [ inaudible ] have been intent on celebrating a life as much as mourning his death. it was a life in which nelson mandela was prepared to give up everything, including his freedom for what he believed. >> many feel it is t futile to keep talking peace against this government. >> reporter: it is a belief for which he spent 10035 days in prison. for the public through decades, nelson mandela was a face on the poster, his words outlawed and found only in booked and banned news reel footage that few in
south africa ever saw. that changed in 1990 when he walked out of prison and returned to his home as a free man. >> i have spoken about freedom in my lifetime. your struggle, your commitment, and your discipline has released me to stand before you today. [ cheers and applause ] >> reporter: mandela found a national party leader, a man with whom he could do business. but it was a process continually threatened by rampant violence, and the smile disappeared as he
related those he publicly held responsible. for mandela the process was never personal. >> we are not dealing with a man, with an individual. we are dealing with a government. we are dealing with a system. >> reporter: as the country was pushed and pulled towards democracy, mandela and [ inaudible ] were jointly awarded the noble peace prize. and then south africans of all colors went to the polls, among them an incandescent nelson mandela voting for the first time. he became the president of a country in which he had once been an outlaw. >> on this day, you the people took your destiny into your own
hands. you decided that nothing would prevent you from exercising your hard-won right to elect a government of your choice. >> reporter: after one term as president, mandela did what few with humor and grace. >> the time has come to hand over the [ inaudible ]. [ cheers and applause ] >> reporter: but at the age of 78, mandela embarked on a new phase of public life. raising money for various charities, arbitrating in a number of conflicts. and then at the age of 80,
was a famous figure in her own right. it was a union celebrated by all. >> my wife and i -- [ cheers and applause ] [ laughter ] >> reporter: a union that lasted for the rest of nelson mandela's life. >> my wife and i say thank you very much. >> nelson mandela. >> reporter: but before he died there was a chance for the world to thank him. on a chilly winter's night, nelson mandela made his last major public appearance, acknowledging the roars of the crowd and stirring hearts around the globe, as a world cup football final was held for the first time in africa. the staging a couple of miles
away from the modest home where nelson mandela began his long struggle for liberation. as his health failed he was in and out of hospital, spending his 95th birthday in intensive care. the principal cause of illness a lung infection he contracted while working as a stone quarrier while in prison. his condition remained stable but critical until the very last breath mandela continued to fight the odds. nelson mandela's legacying found is the collars of a democratic south africa. but above all, the legacy is found in the minds of ordinary , black and white,
the people he led to freedom. [ cheers and applause ] >> reporter: mike hannah, al jazeera. >> much more still to come on the death of nelson mandela, and we're in another part of africa. [ gunfire ] >> that's from an tempted coup in the south african republic. and we're in the philippines where a cash for work scheme is massive typhoon cleanup. ♪
you are watching al jazeera headlines dominated by the death of nelson mandela, and the tributes being paid to him. ♪ >> these pictures out of south africa show celebrations of the life rather than the death of mandela, and the tributes which are coming in are word wide, the 95-year-old icon, and former en. the current south african president, jacob zuma has paid his respects. >> this international icon, who was a symbol of reconciliation, unity, love, human rights, and justice in our country and in in the world. [ gunfire ]
>> in other news after fighting killed more than a hundred people france is doubling the number of its troop reinforcements. countries are meeting in paris to discuss military intervention. while the death of mandela has overshadowed that meeting, leaders have been meting. the french president says he will double the number of troops he is sending to the capitol. reports suggesting french forces have killed unidentified fighters near the city's airport. let's go to paris. jackie roland joins us from outside where the summit meeting is being held. i would imagine the preoccupation has been the news coming out of south africa. we'll get on to what is
happening in car in in just a moment, but first tell us what is being said about mandela. >> yes, it has very much been the news of the death of mandela that has cast a shadow over this summit. it began with a moment of silence, the leader standing in silence while huge photographs mandela were projects over the backdrop. and once that was over, the business started. i was able to chat to someone who knew mandela well. she was his minister of health. she shared with us her memories become a minister in his government. >> he said to me i want you to be minister of health, and i said i thought i was going to stay in the province because my
children are still too young and -- and then he said to me, oh, okay, i'll consider that, and then later he called and said, consider yourself as minister of health. and of course, i then thought of course that was stupid of me, this man has spent 27 years of his life in jail without his children, and here is me. i can fly from cape town to [ inaudible ] to see my children over weekends, so i thought let me put that aside. >> jacky the real business of the summit is what has been described as a potential genocide in the central african republic. >> there has indeed. in his opening marks the president spoke at some length about the situation in the
central african republic, and also the need for the establishment and a longer term of an african reaction force which would be able to respond to this kind of situation. obviously f african troops are on the grown as well as french troops, and as you mentioned, the number of those french troops will be increasing, doubling in the coming days, and events on the ground only served to underline just how urgent that intervention is as we can see in this report. >> reporter: an attack at the very heart of this rebel government. gunfire echos through the city. some say this was an attempted coup. the people responsible, a militia group that is mainly christian and loyal to the former president. their target, the mainly muslim
security forces called selica. the streets are almost deserted. those who venture out risk ending up like this. it's not clear how many people have died. in this mortuary we counted 25 bodies. this woman lost her son. >> translator: i don't know what is happening in central african republic right now. if you go in you will see people on the ground like animals that have been slaughtered. with the state of the country, where can i go? >> reporter: this is where some of the injured have been brought. women are being -- treated
alongside government soldiers. this woman asks god why has this happened. there are both christian and muslim victims in this conflict. christians and muslims used to live together in this country peacefully. but this hatred and violence will be difficult for people to forget. france will be sending in more forces soon. on the streets, it is the rebel government which insists it is in control. >> translator: the enemy attacked us and we routed them, we completely destroyed them. >> reporter: these selica fighters are now out for revenge. they'll be searching for the anti-ball kamal i will sha.
this is an end less cycle of fighting and killing, destroying this country. ô> in the philippines the recovery efforts still painfully slow. it's almost a month after typhoon haiyan. there is a big effort taking place to at least get the local economy moving. >> reporter: there is very, very little left on the shoreline here. this man is a fisherman, or he was. how much were you earning before typhoon hit and how much now? >> translator: before i was earning about 300 pesos a day from the catch, but now i don't earn anything, because what i catch is what we eat.
because i don't have a boat. >> reporter: and the truth is is story is replicated thousands of times across the area. the challenge has been to get people working and to let the local economy take over again. every street is an absolute mess and they need cleaning up, which means you have ready-made jobs. which is why you have got upwards of 20,000 people lining up every morning in the work for cash system. >> 500 pesos, so that even if they are cleaning their house, we pay them. our point is that if every one of them are cleaning up, we can revive it, and with the money that they have on hand, they are able to buy things. if you go to the markets now,
there are a lot of things for sale. immediately the economy has been revived. >> translator: in fact pretty much everywhere you go, you uncover little success stories. sometimes it's just someone who owns a restaurant. a place to gather. these are the people who won't let their city die. >> so i had to deal with -- i had to look for the suppliers of our drinks, of our meat, vegetables, that kind of stuff. i thought to myself, maybe we can just start -- you know, just offering one or two of our regular menu. >> reporter: and it's those small things which make a difference in the disaster zone, plus the can-do attitude, perhaps the only thing that can triumph over diversity. the united states says it doesn't recognize china's new air defense zone over disputed islands in the east china sea,
armed north korea. the u.s. vice president rejected china's declaration of a no fly zone. >> we do not recognize the zone. it will have no effect on american operatins, just ask my general. none, zero. >> let's end this half hour with a reflection on nelson mandela's life with somebody who knew him pretty well but through the lens. one of the few white photographers taking pictures of black life. joining us now from spain. your first memory of nelson mandela was what? >> well, it's a long time ago. in 1951 there was an anc african
national conference, which was in the hot bed of the apartheid government up there, and there was a meeting which was the annual meeting which used to take place in different cities in johannesberg every year, and mandela was there, and he was there at that time appointed as the youth leader of the anc, and also as the volunteer and chief of the defiance campaign which had been decided up to -- to start next -- in the following year, in 1952. the people were extremely nervous at the conference, because they were worried that the -- the government or the africanas, the racists would start problems about them having a conference in their midst, in
their capitol city, and except for mr. mandela, i photographed him and talked to him and found him terribly relaxed. >> did his personality -- his potential come through to you on -- on film in those early days? >> well, he was terribly self disciplined and calm. and this surprised me in comparison with all of the other leaders, rushing around like chickens and terribly nervous about having serious problems at this conference. and then the second time i photographed him in in 1952 in his office in his law office he was then still working as a lawyer, and he had a law office in johannesberg, and again i asked him -- i was late for an appointment and due to traffic
pms and i asked him if i could just -- he was about to leave -- if he could just hang on a minute and to photograph him and he totally stood still and posed for me, and then i -- i realized there was no -- >> we have to leave it. i'm terribly sorry. looking at your photographs and listening to you, a reminder of what a force of history he is. we appreciate you documenting that. . >> thank you very much. tñ
>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ >> hello, welcome to the news hour on al jazeera, i'm adrian finnegan, with our continuing coverage of the life and death of nelson mandela. [ singing ] >> south africans remember the man who lead them out of white-only rule.